Actual wages, permitting for the impression of inflation, fell in Eire in 2021 however tax on that revenue elevated, based on a brand new report from the OECD.
The Taxing Wages report examines the impression of tax on labour prices throughout the 38 member states of the OECD. The 2021 report, printed on Tuesday, finds that Eire was certainly one of solely eight international locations the place actual wage ranges fell final yr.
It says the typical wage within the State rose 1.5 per cent to €50,636. Nevertheless, inflation of two.1 per cent meant that, even earlier than tax, revenue was down 0.5 per cent on common. With the tax on that decreased revenue rising by 1.2 per cent, Eire was certainly one of solely 4 international locations – the others had been Austria, Korea and New Zealand – to pay extra tax on decrease actual incomes.
The OECD knowledge says that tax on labour in Eire throughout the pandemic – as measured by the tax wedge on a single earner between 2019 and 2021 – rose sooner than in all different OECD states bar Luxembourg and Israel.
The private tax wedge, which is the quantity in taxes a employee and their employer pay as a proportion of complete labour prices – their pay plus what their employer pays in PRSI – rose for all household varieties, based on the report.
The tax wedge for the typical single employee was 0.3 of a share level larger final yr, at 34 per cent in comparison with 33.7 per cent in 2020. That features their revenue tax, common social cost and each their PRSI and the PRSI paid by the employer, minus any money funds, reminiscent of baby profit.
The determine is fractionally beneath the OECD common and locations Eire twenty fourth among the many 38 OECD states. The report notes that revenue tax and employer PRSI account for 89 per cent of this tax wedge in comparison with an OECD common of 77 per cent on account of Eire having among the many lowest charges of worker social insurance coverage funds within the group.
Preferential tax provisions and baby profit implies that the typical tax wedge for a household with one earner and two youngsters was 19 per cent final yr, beneath the OECD common of 24.6 per cent and among the many lowest within the OECD – rating the State thirty second out of 38 international locations surveyed.
Regardless of the decrease determine, the tax wedge for this group rose sooner final yr, by simply over half a share level, than for single folks.
For households in Eire with two youngsters the place each dad and mom are working – with one incomes the typical wage and the opposite two-thirds of that determine – the tax wedge comes again near the only employee determine at 26.5 per cent, up 0.4 per cent on the earlier yr.
The place of single earners having the biggest tax wedge and one-earner households the bottom mirrors the development throughout the OECD. In all instances in Eire, the rise in tax wedge was down largely to rises in revenue tax.
The tax charge for the typical single Irish employee final yr was 26.7 per cent, together with PRSI, which means their take residence pay was 73.3 per cent of their wages. The OECD common was 75.4 per cent, as a result of decrease level at which the upper charge of revenue tax kicks in in Eire.
Eire was amongst solely 5 international locations with a median revenue tax charge of greater than 20 per cent.
Married folks fare higher, particularly these with youngsters, based on the report. That is in step with the expertise in Eire over a few years. A mean married employee, with two youngsters, had a median tax charge of 10.1 per cent in Eire – over 15 factors decrease than their single counterpart with no youngsters and beneath the OECD common of 13.1 per cent.
And households with two youngsters the place each dad and mom are working had been paying a median tax charge of 18.1 per cent, simply above the OECD common of 17.9 per cent.
The tax wedge for the typical Irish single employee has fallen by 1.3 share factors for the reason that flip of the Millennium. Again in 2000, the tax wedge for a employee on this place was 35.3 per cent of the price of using them. That determine fell as little as 28.1 per cent in 2007 earlier than rising once more after the monetary crash although it has continued to stay beneath the OECD common.
The report regarded on the impression of the Covid pandemic throughout EU states however mentioned that, In Eire’s case, it didn’t skew its printed figures.